The following are some quotes from interesting books about ancient Egypt pertaining to astrology and astronomy. I offer this in the spirit and support of Cyril Fagan’s (the modern father of sidereal astrology) following two quotes:
“With all our modern knowledge and scientific equipment, and with the great strides made in mathematics, we astrologers have done nothing to even remotely compare with the astrologers of antiquity.” Cyril Fagan
“Certain it is that Ptolemy’s Tetrabiblos is a gross travesty of the original teachings of the ancient Egyptians…” Cyril Fagan.
Fagan was recognized as the modern father of Sidereal Astrology, 1896-1971. The last book Cyril Fagan wrote just before his death was ‘Astrological Origins’. A careful study of this one book led me to the conclusion the ancient Egyptians were the true originators of astrology. As Fagan states about the ancient Egyptians: “But a people who discovered that Mercury, the smallest of the planets and rarely visible because of its proximity to the Sun, was the significator of intellect and speech; that Venus was the significator of love and Mars of war, and so forth, must have been a marvelously intelligent people.” Fagan’s historical research and brilliant techniques of astrology was inspired by his study and work pertaining to the ancient Egyptian culture.
“Dissatisfied with all available material on the subject of astrology, Cyril decided to set out and find the answers for himself. He combed the libraries of many of the capitals of Europe and soon concluded that a working knowledge of astronomy and Egyptology was essential if the embryo of the original teachings of astrology was to be unearthed. These he mastered alone as he had done everything else.” Pauline Fagan (Fagan’s wife), Preface of ‘Astrological Origins’.
It was Fagan’s ‘Astrological Origins’ which inspired me to seek out other books about ancient Egypt that were written after Fagan’s death. I read and analyzed these books with a bias slant toward astronomy and astrology.
Three of the following books explain how recent astronomical discoveries at the Giza Plateau by alternative scholars are correlating that Giza is in fact representing an ancient Celestial Diagram dated to c.10,500 BC. This may one day prove to hold important mundane astrological knowledge for future astrologers, particularly the sidereal astrologer who has seriously studied the brilliant astrological techniques of Cyril Fagan. When the sidereal astrologer understands these recent precessional astronomical discoveries at Giza (only allowed by the recent invention of the personal computer), it appears this Celestial Diagram is calibrating the Sidereal Zodiac. WHY would the ancients represent Giza with an ancient date of c. 10,500 B.C.?
1: ‘Serpent In The Sky’, The High Wisdom of Ancient Egypt, 1979, John Anthony West. John is a true scholar on ancient Egypt and recognizes the ancient Egyptians possessed high knowledge and wisdom about astrology.
“It was her astronomy—in the service of astrological understanding—that afforded insight into these higher realms and upon that insight Egypt acted, sometimes directly, sometimes symbolically…Like all ancient civilizations Egypt devoted much time and energy to a study of the heavens…the data of astronomy was studied for its meaning: that is to say, it served the purposes of astrology, which is the study of correspondences between events in the heavens and events on earth…What is certain is that Egypt understood the correspondence between man and the stars…In other words, it was Egypt’s astronomy, interpreted for its astrological significance, that guided the entire course of her art and architecture. On a practical level, this means that the sages of Egypt were deliberately and knowledgeably organizing the ambiance or atmosphere of an entire civilization in harmony with cosmic requirements. In principle, it should be possible, through a study of the monuments, their dates, alignments, consecrations, symbolism, proportions and so on to retrieve some of this astrological lore.” John Anthony West, 1979.
2:‘Secrets of the Great Pyramid’, Peter Tompkins, 1971. Chapter X11. Astronomical Observatory. This is an excellent chapter discussing Protor’s (astronomer) observations how the ancient Egyptians used the construction of the Great Pyramid, before the completion of its pyramid form, to sight when heavenly bodies would rise (Ascendant) and culminate (MC). “Dumichen says the word ak represents the stars culmination as it passes the meridian.” “By combining the observations by several of what Proctor calls “watchman of the night” stationed at different levels of the Grand Gallery, a very close approximation of true sidereal time could have been obtained…Together with the transit watchers they would be able to make observations which, in Proctor’s opinion be inferior only to those made in our own time with telescopic adjuncts…Antoniadi agreed that the Great Pyramid had been used as an observatory before the closings of its inner corridors…It was a very short step to the recognition that the earth itself could be divided into similar zones with simple relations to the fixed stars---hence the first world maps with latitude and longitude.”
’Secrets of the Great Pyramids’, Chapter X111, Astronomical Temples of Egypt, is an excellent chapter pertaining to Sir Norman Lockyer’s work. “The purpose (some of Egypt’s Temples) was to narrow the beam of light to a point where it could indicate the precise moment of the solstice…therefore the length of the year could be determined with the greatest possible accuracy…the zodiac thus becomes a calendar going back to remote antiquity…then who could escape astrological emotion…for the precession took on an overpowering significance. It became the vast impenetrable pattern of fate itself.”
3: ‘The Dawn of Astronomy’, J. Norman Lockyer, Reprinted in 1964 by Santillana at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A good read that “proves unquestionably that astronomy had been cultivated for thousands of years before the Christian Era.” And the “true cradle of astronomical science” was in ancient Egypt. Lockyer proves that all the great building structures and the ground plans of ancient Egypt were “erected on astronomical principles, the astronomers being called the mystery teachers of Heaven. In support of this view I may state that the looking after ruined shrines was recognized as one of the duties of kingships.”
“I have caused monuments to be raised to the gods; I have embellished their sanctuaries that they may last to posterity; I have kelp up their temples ; I have restored again what was fallen down, and taken care of that which was erected in former times.” Translated statement by Thothmes 111, 18th Dynasty
“Most academic Egyptologists who have controlled the education to the modern world about ancient Egypt’s culture are completely ignorant of astronomy.” Lockyer
4: ‘Hamlet’s Mill’ by Giorgio De Santillana & Hertha Von Dechend, 1969. “An essay investigation the origins of human knowledge and its transmission through myth.”
An excellent but somewhat dense read at times which offers solid evidence that all the different world myths are perpetuating the precession of the equinoxes is the core astronomical/astrological science influencing world cycles. Hamlet’s Mill has many references about ancient Egypt as one of the main depository of this science and knowledge, pertaining to astrology and Precession of the Equinoxes.
“One might also say that while the fixed stars represent the kingly power, silent and unmoving, the planets are the executive power. Are they (planets) in total harmony? This is the dream that the contemplative mind has expressed again and again, that Kepler tried to fix by writing down the notes of his “Harmony of the Spheres,” and that was consecrated in the “turning over” of the sky. This is the faith expressed by ancient thinkers in a Great Year (Precession Cycle), in which all the motions brought back all the planets to the same original configuration.” Hamlet’s Mill pp 151.
I may add we are now living in an Age where the technology now exists that a computer program could be developed to investigate one complete precessional cycle that could reveal planetary cycles associated with the precession cycle.
5: ‘Lost Star of Myth and Time’, Walter Cruttenden, 2006. This is a very powerful thought provoking book offering substantial proof the ancient Egyptian astronomers understood astronomical principles that are only now being rediscovered. Walter is dedicating his life’s work, backed by strong astronomical evidence, our Sun is in a binary relationship with the Star Sirius, which is the true cause, not gravitational forces of our sun and moon, causing the apparent motion of precession. Ancient Egypt’s culture produces a clear fact that the ancients looked upon the star Sirius with great cosmic importance. The heliacal rising of Sirius began the yearly calendar for the ancient Egyptians. There are ancient Egyptian text translations that say the star Sirius was looked upon as the greater Sun than our Sun. Modern astronomers today have recently recognized many Binary star systems.
“Ancient Egypt recognized Sirius was not influenced by the Precession, which must have led to the conviction that Sirius was more than just one fixed star among others… There are meanings under meanings in ancient Egyptian iconography, and we’re just beginning to understand their depth.” Walter Cruttenden
There are ancient Egyptian text translations that reference the Great Pyramid could be representing/symbolizing an astronomical “anchor for the planet.” See a later link to Robert Bauval’s astronomical work referencing the Great Pyramid as representing an astronomical Anchor associated with a prime meridian for our Planet.
6: ‘Sacred Science’—The King of Pharaonic Theocracy, R. A. Schwaller de Lubicz, English translation from French- 1982. Schwaller’s work inspired West to write ‘Serpent in the Sky’ and when reading the writings of Schwaller, West discovered a short passage where Schwaller said the Sphinx looked liked it had gone through much erosion by water. This would soon become another Giza enigma to the modern world: How could the Sphinx be weathered by water sitting in the Sahara Desert? West reasoned the Sphinx had to be carved when the Giza plateau in the ancient past was not in an arid desert climate. This led West to his 93 TV documentary supported by geological science, the Sphinx was much older than what academic Egyptologist’s has taught history. This geological proof becomes very important when it is realized the ancient Egyptians claim their own civilization was in fact a ‘legacy’ inherited from a distant past. The ancient Egyptian culture and their ancient texts already contained a rich mythology pertaining to an ancient past.
“Today we know what the Greeks seem to have ignored. The fact is that ancient Egypt possessed a very complete solar, lunar, and Sothic calendar. The Sothic cycle is established on the coincidence every 1,460 years of the vague year of 365 days with the Sothic (or Sirian) year of 365.25 days. The Sirian or fixed year, was established according to the heliacal rising of Sirius, yet the interval between the two heliacal risings of Sirius corresponds neither to the tropical year, which is shorter, nor to the sidereal year, which is longer. For it is remarkable that owing to the precession of the equinoxes, on the one hand, and the movement of Sirius on the other, the position of our Sun with respect to Sirius is displaced in the same direction almost exactly to the same extent. We cannot but admire the greatest of a science capable of discovering such a coincidence because Sirius is the only star among the fixed stars which allows this cycle. It can therefore be supposed that Sirius plays the role of a center for the circuit of our entire solar system. Thus the double star of Sirius was chosen for these coincidences because it is the only star that moves the needed distance and in the right direction against the background of the other stars. This fact, known for four thousand years before our time and forgotten until our day, obviously demands an extraordinary and prolonged observation of the sky. But there is yet other evidence: Sirius, the Sothis of the ancients which was called the great provider, is constantly evoked in the Pyramid Texts…In the spirit of the temple, Sirius plays the role of the great central fire for our sun (which is the Eye of Ra and not Ra himself). The double star of Sirius which is an exceptional case with respect to other double (binary) stars because of its small companion and its incredible density of specific gravity of 53,000, (whereas gold, for example, has a specific gravity of 19.3). The double star of Sirius---which for Pharaonic Egypt played the role of a central sun to our entire solar system---today suggest the existence of a cosmic structure whose nucleus is this “Great Provider,” the Sothis of the ancients. There might well be a need to revise our cosmology in the not to distant future.” ‘Sacred Science’, Schwaller de Lubicz, 1961.
“We lack the ancient knowledge of zodiacal influences upon the vital phenomenon, although it seems that such a science must have existed. Indeed, for what reason or through what reasoning would this zodiac have been established, ascribing a planetary, elementary, and psychological character to each sign? This is certainly not just a random result, nor is it a result of systematization or vain speculation. It is true that men of wisdom have affirmed the proved existence of a systematic arrangement of the zodiac on the basis of sacred science. This zodiac has existed at all times: it was known in China, India, Chaldea, Egypt, probably among the Mayas.” R.A. Schwaller De Lubicz, ‘Sacred Science’—The King of Pharaonic Theocracy.
The following two books pertaining to ancient Egypt, ‘The Orion Mystery’, and the ‘The Message of the Sphinx’ by Robert Bauval, should be read remembering West’s statement written in 1979: “In principle, it should be possible, through a study of ancient Egyptian monuments, their dates, alignments, consecrations, symbolism, proportions and so on to retrieve some of ancient Egypt’s astrological wisdom.” These recent two modern books offer the substantial proof, using precessional astronomy; Giza is representing a Celestial Diagram set to a time frame of c.10,500 B.C.
7: ‘The Orion Mystery’,--A Revolutionary New Interpretation of the Ancient Enigma (Giza), Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert, 1994.
Before Robert Bauval became a writer about the culture of ancient Egypt he was an engineer by trade. He was always fascinated by the Giza Plateau and in his spare time he would visit the Giza Plateau. One day he was in the Cairo Museum and noticed a picture of the three Pyramids taken from a low flying airplane. He quickly noticed that two of the pyramids were set to a 45 degree angle but the third pyramid was off set to the same angle. He thought this strange—but understood the monument builders of ancient Egypt implemented symbolic meanings with their monuments. This set his mind to pondering WHY would the architects of Giza offset one of the pyramids to the same angle as the other two pyramids? Several months later he and some of his colleagues were on a contract in Saudi Arabia and were camping in the desert one weekend. Robert awoke in the pre-dawn mourning and walked from the camp-- gazing at a group of bright stars. Later a colleague who was a sailor in his spare time joined Robert and asked what he was gazing at in the night sky. Robert pointed out a group of stars and his colleague told Robert the group of stars was the constellation Orion, and if he would hold up his hand slanted at a 45 degree angle on the THREE belt stars pointing to the horizon, it would point to the rising position of the star Sirius. Robert’s colleague told him the three belt stars were not exactly on a 45 degree angle, that the bottom star was offset to the same angle as the other two belt stars. Robert’s mind exploded with the realization (revelation) the three pyramids at Giza was a sky representation of Orion’s belt. But Why? This eventually led Robert to the astronomical computer program Sky Globe; and, when Robert started looking at the Belt Stars as they moved with the Precession Cycle-- some amazing astronomical precessional FACTS unfolded which led Robert to a companion book:
8: ‘The Message of The Sphinx’ by Robert Bauval and Graham Hancock, 1996. Basically, Robert’s precessional astronomical discoveries at Giza led him to correlate a TIMED astronomical ground plan at Giza that calculates the beginning of the precessional Age of Sidereal Leo (symbolized by the Sphinx) beginning in c. 10,500 BC. Today’s advanced technology of the computer and the Sky Globe astronomical program allowed Robert to trace the precessional movement of the fixed stars of Orion’s Belt back to c.10,500 BC, which proves a remarkable half- precessional cycle, only recognized by an astronomer using the natural laws of precessional astronomy. This astronomical discovery at Giza involves three of the great astronomical circles used in astrology for the basis of a Horoscope, the horizon/ecliptic circles where we astrologers locate our Ascendant (rising degree) and the meridian/ecliptic circle where we locate the MC-- culminating degree. The computer and the astronomical program Skyglobe, using the natural astronomical laws of precession, allowed Robert to discover some astounding astronomical correlations at Giza.
More details involving precessional astronomy at the Giza plateau: The star that represents the Great Pyramid in Orion’s Belt has a constant half cycle of precession of app. 13,000 years, where it is sliding up and down involving altitude on the meridian circle at the Spring Equinox. This half-cycle of precession correlates the beginning at 30 degrees of the sidereal zodiac with the precessional Ages of Leo (Lion) on the Ascendant and 30 degrees Aquarius (Man) on the Descendant. The long astrological Ages of Precession are regressing so the beginning of the Precession Age of Leo begins at 30 degrees sidereal Leo and regresses backwards in the zodiac. Remember, the Sphinx is a proven equatorial marker, aligned due East with the rising Sun on the Spring Equinox. When the star in Orion’s Belt representing the Great Pyramid reaches its highest altitude on the meridian circle on a Spring Equinox in c.10,500 BC, the vernal point is entering, by regression, sidereal LEO the lion, hence the symbolic monolith on Giza, THE SPHINX. When the star representing the Great Pyramid reaches its lowest altitude point on the meridian with the Precession cycle, the vernal point is regressing into the beginning of 30 degree sidereal Aquarius—180 degrees and one half of a Precession cycle from precessional Leo in c. 10,500 BC. The vernal point in approximately 350 years will regress into 30 degree Aquarius completing a half precessional cycle from c.10,500 BC. “There can be no doubt that the ancient Egyptians were fully aware of the phenomenon of Precession, and that they regarded it as a matter of commanding importance.” John Anthony West
“The mechanism that is central to understanding the difference between the tropical and sidereal zodiacs, and what the astrological ages are about, is one of the earth's orbital motions: precession.” Ken Bowser
The details of Bauval’s astronomical precessional discoveries at Giza correlating a time frame of c.10,500 BC can be found in Chapter 4, ‘Message Of The Sphinx’.
This correlated precessional date of c. 10,500 BC is no astronomical/astrological/precessional coincidence! It is becoming obvious to anyone who has a background in the astrological Ages of the Precession Cycle, using the natural laws of precessional astronomy, the ancient Egyptians intentionally devoted a great deal of their time, energy, knowledge, and resources for planning and building these great monuments on Giza that was meant to last thousands of years. It is becoming clear this ancient monumental task at Giza was planed in order to preserve and convey some type of astronomical/astrological knowledge for POSTERITY! Another interesting synchronicity, all of these new Giza astronomical/astrological discoveries are happening as the vernal point is slowly approaching the beginning of precessional sidereal Aquarius, a 180 degree half precessional cycle using precessional astronomy in the sidereal zodiac for the beginning of the precessional Age of Leo! But this Giza mystery gets much more interesting with further investigations into another obscure book about ancient Egypt which reveals some interesting material from translations of ancient Egyptian texts.
9: ‘Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt’, R. T. Rundle Clark, 1959. In Clark’s conclusions of this book he states: “The creation of ancient Egyptian myths was founded on certain principles. These myths are strange and, as yet, only partially understood. The most important elements of Egyptian myth seem to have been as follows:
(a) “The basic principles of life, nature, and society were determined by the gods long ago, before the establishment of the Pharaonic kingship. This epoch—‘Zep Tepi’—is translated into the words, ‘First Time’…All proper myths relate all events or manifestations (for ancient Egypt) to this epoch of ‘Zep Tepi’, the ‘First Time’.”
(b) “Anything whose existence or authority had to be justified or explained must be referred to the ‘First Time’. This was true for natural phenomena, rituals, royal insignia, the plans of temples, magical or medical formulae, the hieroglyphic system of writing, the calendar---the whole paraphernalia of the civilization.”
Robert Bauval’s work at Giza is correlating a time frame of c.10,500 BC using precessional astronomy, which is proving that Giza is actually a Celestial Diagram representing ‘Zep Tepi’, the ‘First Time’.
“Underlying all Egyptian speculation’, as R.T. Rundle Clarke has observed, is that time is composed of recurrent cycles which are divinely appointed…There is furthermore a governing moment amongst all these cycles and epochs---the ‘genesis event’, that the ancient Egyptians called Zep Tepi, the ‘First Time’. Zepi means ‘TIME’, Tep means ‘FIRST’. Tep also translates ‘the first day of a period of time’; Tep means the “beginning or commencement of anything”. Robert Bauval, ‘Message of the Sphinx’
Clark’s conclusions are telling us the ancient Egyptian’s planed the Giza complex pertaining to an ancient Myth of ‘Zep Tepi’, the ‘First Time’. Schwaller de Lubicz believed that “if ancient Egypt possessed knowledge of ultimate causes, that knowledge would be written into their monuments not in explicit texts, but represented by myth and symbol.” John Anthony West, ‘Serpent in the Sky’, 1979. The following is an interesting quote from Schwaller on the first page of Chapter 8, titled ‘MYTH’, from his book ‘Sacred Science’, the King of Pharaonic Theocracy: “In our definition, myth is the means of expression employed by sages who teach the esoterism of natural facts inexpressible in words.” If there is any truth in this statement by Schwaller then Giza has the possibility of containing esoteric knowledge in the field of mundane astrology for the serious sidereal astrologer.
“But in dealing with the myths of the ancient Egyptians, it is wise to exercise caution before summarily equating a legend with a falsehood, no matter that it generally does not correspond to our modern manner of communicating fact. The ancient Egyptians obviously did not think of their mythological legends as falsehoods.” John Anthony West
“As Holistic thinking returns, particularly in Physics and the Arts, the late twentieth-century mind is beginning to grasp the kind of cosmic view necessary to comprehend the ancient Egyptian mind, with its deeply symbolic modes of expression, and its highly developed mythologies employed to express thoughts to deep for words.” Paul William Roberts—‘River in the Desert’.
“After digging the buried Sphinx out from the sand, Thutmosis IV, a Horus King of Egypt, dedicated a Stella in front of the paws of the Sphinx describing Giza as ‘the ‘Splendid Place’ of the “First Time”. “In one simple, powerful phrase, Thutmosis 1V stated that Giza was the ‘Splendid Place’ of the “First Time”. Is it not likely that Thutmosis 1V called Giza the ‘Splendid Place’ of the “First Time”’ because that is exactly what Giza was remembered to be in
traditions (myth) that had been handed down from remotest, almost incomprehensible antiquity.” Robert Bauval, ‘Message of the Sphinx’
Page 210, ‘The Message Of The Sphinx’,
“The notion that some form of invisible college could have established itself at Heliopolis thousands of years before the Pharaohs, and could have been the initiating force behind the creation and unfolding of ancient Egyptian civilization, helps to explain one of the greatest mysteries confronted by Egyptology—namely the extremely sudden, indeed dramatic, manner in which Pharonic culture ‘took off’ in the early third millennium BC (precessional/regressed beginning of the astrological Age of Taurus). The independent researcher John Anthony West, whose breakthrough work on the geology of the Sphinx we reported in Part 1, formulates the problem especially well:”
“Every aspect of Egyptian knowledge seems to have been complete at the very beginning. The sciences, artistic and architectural techniques and the hieroglyphic system show virtually no signs of a period of ‘development’; surpassed or even equaled later on. This astonishing fact is readily admitted by orthodox Egyptologists, but the magnitude of the mystery it poses is skillfully understated, while its many implications go unmentioned.
How does a complex civilization spring full-blown into being? Look at a 1905 automobile and compare it to a modern one. There is no mistaking the process of ‘development. But in Egypt there are no parallels. Everything is right there at the start. The answer to this mystery is of course obvious, because it is repellent to the prevailing cast of modern thinking, it is seldom seriously considered. Egyptian civilization was not a ‘development’, it was a legacy.”
Page 195: “In the coded astronomical language of the ancients of Heliopolis, we will argue that the notion of following the sun’s westward precessional drift through the zodiac translates as ‘Following the Way of Horus across the ages’. And we will show that the ‘Followers of Horus’ are most likely to have acquired their enigmatic title because it described precisely what they did and stood for. They were, we suspect, astrologers and astronomers par excellent who had been following and recording the position of the vernal point across the ages from the epoch of the ‘First Time’ to the historical kings (Pharonic) of Egypt.”
“The earliest-surviving references to the ‘Followers of Horus’ occur in the Pyramid Texts. This impression is strengthened by the constant references in the Edfu Texts to the ‘wisdom of the SAGES’ (wisdom being one of the defining characteristics of the ‘Followers of Horus’) and the repeated emphasis that their special gift was knowledge. Likewise it is noteworthy that the Sages are said to have the plans and designs that were used for all future temples—a role frequently accorded in other contexts to the ‘Followers of Horus’. For example, the temple of Dendera (a little to the north of Edfu) is inscribed with Building Texts of its own which state that the ‘great plan’ followed by its architects was ‘recorded in ancient writings handed down from the “Followers of Horus”.
“The desire to know inspires us, and the ever increasing level of knowledge and technology has allowed us to reach new depths in understanding our state of existence. But what might have inspired the ancient Egyptians? Schwaller de Lubicz believed that ancient Egypt was the legacy of a technical civilization for which there is no history or knowledge of in today's world, a civilization for which spirit and technology were integrated into a worldview that embraced life's mystery. For me, it is this technical and spiritual legacy that is so evident in the art and culture of ancient Egypt. While West and Schoch were redating (with the science of geology) the great Sphinx before dynastic Egypt, by sheer coincidence Robert Bauval, using, Skyglobe, a new computer program able to show the (precessional) position of the heavens over any given point of the globe at any given time in history --- something that once required immensely long and complex mathematical calculations --- had proved beyond any doubt that, based on the positioning of sighting shafts built into the Great Pyramid (and still termed 'ventilation shafts' although it is known that they were not), the pyramid complex was designed to mirror the 'belt' in the constellation Orion (connected with Osiris in Egyptian mythology), and thus could only have been built by people with an exact knowledge of the night sky as it was over Giza around 2,400 BC --- which is exactly when Egyptologists claim the main pyramids were built. But that was the good news for Egyptology, since Bauval's survey of the plateau monuments further led him to conclude that whoever originally planned the entire vast complex could have only done so with an exact knowledge of star positions around the year c. 10,500 BC. Such is the intricacy of the sky-ground correlation built into the Giza complex, however, that it would have only formed a true 'mirror' of the heavens around the year c. 10,500 BC --- although most of its structures were evidently built some 8000 years later. However, as West first pointed out, the two largest pyramids appear to show two distinct stages of construction --- an initial platform about one third of the final height, and employing vast 100-tonne blocks (some of which had to be lifted over 45 metres to be put in place), and a secondary stage of far smaller blocks (averaging 2.5 tonnes) completing the apex. He also observed that the blocks in the earliest stage showed the same kind of weathering as the Sphinx, whereas the smaller blocks do not. This weathering is only found --- besides the Sphinx and pyramids --- in four other structures in all of Egypt: the so-called 'mortuary', 'valley' and Sphinx temples, and the Osireion at Abydos, which is said in Egyptian texts to be the tomb of Osiris himself. These four structures have another thing in common, too: they all employ in their construction enormous monolithic blocks of limestone, some of them weighing as much as 400 tonnes, all of them in the 100-tonne range, often cut in irregular shapes that actually form the corners of their buildings, and all cut so finely that they fit together in a jig-saw pattern nearly seamlessly. There is no escaping the fact that these buildings seem to date from a far earlier epoch than the structures surrounding them. Hancock and Bauval identify this epoch with the c. 10,500 BC date, and something often referred to by Egyptian writings as ‘Zep Tepi’, 'the First Time'. They believe that it represents the start of the current 25,000-year astrological cycle of Precession, the first tick of the cosmic clock.” Paul William Roberts.
Very recently, there has been one individual astronomer to step out from conventional academia to not only support Bauval’s astronomical correlations at Giza, but to correlate another important astronomical correlation at Giza involving the Galactic Center. Thomas Brophy says the position of the Galactic Center has the same half precessional cycle, associated with the same half precessional cycle that Bauval has correlated with the monuments at Giza. This becomes most interesting because other scholars have correlated astronomical symbolism pertaining to the Galactic Center with other ancient cultural sites besides ancient Egypt.
10: ‘The Origin Map’, Thomas G. Brophy, Ph.D, 2002. Part 111, Giza Monuments Galactic Zodiac (Sidereal) Clock, Introduction to Giza study. “Thomas G. Brophy holds a PhD in physics and has worked with the NASA Voyager Project, the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, and the Japanese Space Program; and taught at The Colorado College, University of Colorado, and California Institute for Human Science where he was also Dean; his scientific articles have appeared in premier journals including Icarus, IEEE Journals, Science, and were reported in Nature.” Brophy states:
“This study of ancient skies over Giza Egypt will show that the major monuments—the great pyramids—have designed in their layout several congruencies with the stars of Orion’s Belt around 11,000 BC. Also the Giza monuments mark the location of the Galactic Center at its northern astronomical culmination cira (c.) 10,909 BC…Further, the complex of monuments functions as a clock. This clock can be used to calibrate the start of the zodiac (sidereal) to the northern astronomical culmination of the Galactic Center…These alignments indicate planning by peoples vastly predating Dynastic Egypt. That early culture likely informed the Zodiac lore of later cultures as the Babylonian-Greek from whom came the modern Western Zodiac figures. Given the representation of the Orion’s Belt stars, the question arises: Why monumentalize that epoch? I argue that the Galactic Center culmination is signified by the complex of monuments, and should be the calibration point for the Zodiac (Sidereal) calendar. And the Khufu Pyramid’s three star shafts simultaneously mark two ritually significant stars together with the Galactic Center around 2,350 BC. Furthermore, the near—linear figure of the three Orion’s Belt stars is an obvious sky feature, or “asterism”, and does not depend on a constellation representation to be noticed by any sky watcher. This indicates designed alignments even if the Sphinx were not a lion and even if Orion were not a constellation at all. The Dynastic Egyptians who constructed the Great Pyramids circa BC need not have known the full meaning of the pre—existing monuments, except that they were sacred and very precisely aligned to some kind of astronomical event.”
Brophy’s ‘Giza Conclusions’: “The complex of monuments at Giza can be seen as a ground-sky correspondence clock, calibrating the Zodiac Ages to the northern culmination of the Galactic Center in 10,909 BC as the start of the precessional Age of Leo (30 degrees Leo in the Sidereal Zodiac). The evidence is strong enough to warrant consideration of implications for understanding other very ancient human-created monuments and cultures. Whether there may be some mechanism by which the apparent motion of the Galactic Center, or even more specific orientations of Sun-Earth-Galactic Center, affects Earth or people, or whether the Giza monuments designers marked the Galactic Center for purely symbolic reasons, is not yet determined. Implications for present and future cyclical cultural effects, signified by the monuments to be related to human cultural capacity, warrant study.” ‘The Origin Map’, chapter 111, Giza Monuments Galactic Zodiac Clock.
Thomas G. Brophy has endorsed Bauval’s original astronomical Giza correlations using the natural laws of precession, with his own developed astronomical software the ancient Celestial Diagram at Giza. Furthermore, Brophy has added a very important astronomical fact that was not recognized by Bauval’s original discovery of Giza’s Celestial Diagram, which pertains to the Galactic Center. There could be a possibility we astrologers may be missing important mundane knowledge pertaining to astrological aspects involving the Galactic Center as well as a possible calibration of the Sidereal Zodiac. If Giza is later proven by astrologers to represent a possible World Scope, this opens up mundane possibilities for future generations of serious astrologers who study and understand the astrological techniques of Cyril Fagan.
More from the authors of ‘Message Of The Sphinx’, with their final conclusions:
“Throughout this investigation we have tried to stick to the facts, even when the facts have been very strange.
When we say that the Sphinx, the three Great Pyramids, the causeways and other associated monuments of the Giza necropolis form a huge astronomical diagram we are simply reporting a fact. When we say this diagram depicts the skies above Giza in c. 10,500 BC we are reporting a fact. When we say that the Sphinx bears erosion marks which indicate that it was carved before the Sahara became a desert we are reporting facts. When we say that the ancient Egyptians attributed their civilization to the ‘Followers of Horus’ we are reporting facts. When we say the ancient Egyptian records tell us ‘Zep Tepi’, the ‘First Time’ was an epoch in the remote past, thousands of years before the era of the Pharaohs, we are reporting a fact. Our civilization has had the scientific wherewithal to get to grips with the many problems of the Giza necropolis for less than two centuries, and it is only in the last two decades that computer technology has made it possible for us to reconstruct and see the astronomical, precessional patterns that unfolded there. During this period access to the site, and knowledge about it, has been monopolized by members of the archaeological and Egypt logical professions who have agreed amongst themselves as to the origin, and age, and function of the Giza monuments. New evidence which does not support this scholarly consensus, and which might undermine it, has again and again been overlooked, or sidelined, and sometimes even deliberately concealed from the public. And we assume that this explains, too, why the same scholars have paid such scant attention to the solid case that geologists have made for the vast antiquity for the Sphinx. However, after completing our own archaeoastronomical investigation, we are left with an enhanced sense of the tremendous mystery of this amazing site—a sense its true story has only just begun to be told. Looking at the awe-inspiring scale and precisions of the monuments we feel, too, that the purpose of the ancient master-builders was sublime, and that they did indeed find a way to initiate those who would come after—thousands of years in the future—by making use of the universal language of astronomy and the stars.”
“The conclusion thus seems inevitable: the ancients appear to have established a global prime-meridian at Giza locked into a time frame of c. 10,500 BC.” ‘The Message Of The Sphinx.’
I maintain a strong possibility that the Celestial Diagram at Giza, representing a possible World Scope pertaining to a calibrated beginning point of the sidereal zodiac could one day convey important astrological mundane knowledge to the serious astrologer who understands Sidereal Astrology taught by Cyril Fagan. Fagan’s system of astrology is on the verge of being lost because the few siderealists who studied and learned Sidereal Astrology are nearing the end of their time. It is my objective with my writings to revive and keep the teachings of Sidereal Astrology alive for the posterity of future serious astrologers.
PART 11, Some speculative thoughts of a possible Giza World Scope
If a possible true World Scope does exist with the c. 10,500 BC Celestial Diagram at Giza, then the mundane astrologer can only accept the possibility of a true Giza World Scope by correlating WORLD events with the techniques of Sidereal Astrology! Both Bauval and Brophy in the above referenced books about the Celestial Diagram at Giza categorically state this c.10,500 BC celestial diagram at Giza BEGINS with the astrological precessional Age of 30 degrees Leo! Since precessional astrological Ages regress through the zodiac this means the precessional astrological Age of Leo begins at 30 degrees Leo in the Sidereal Zodiac. It is very important for the astrologer to distinguish the fact the ancient Egyptian astrologers- astronomers were using the 25,920 year cycle of Precession, with the 12 astrological Ages, as their astronomical frame of reference for this c.10,500 BC Celestial Diagram at Giza. The Sphinx is a proven astronomical equatorial marker gazing due east which simply means to the sidereal astrologer who understands the 25,920 year cycle of precessional astronomy, this c.10,500 BC Giza Celestial Diagram offers a Sidereal Ascendant of 30 degrees Leo and a Sidereal Descendant of 30 degrees Aquarius, using precessional astronomy! Hence, the symbolic representation of the Sphinx on the Giza plateau. Every astrologer knows the symbolic representation of Leo is the Lion. Also, when looking at the ancient Egyptian glyphs for the zodiac, the only representation of a zodiac constellation for a man was the constellation Aquarius. Is not the Sphinx representing the body of a Lion (Leo) and a face of a Man (Aquarius)? Leo and Aquarius are 180 degrees opposing constellations.
Cyril Fagan teachings did not have a wide appeal in modern astrology compared to other leading teachers of modern astrology. As far as I am concerned, the most definitive book explaining Fagan’s core astrological teachings is ‘Interpreting Solar Returns’ by Jim Eshelman. Any astrologer who fully digests the contents of this great astrological book will enhance their sight and understanding into the brilliancy of Fagan’s astrological teachings. The guidelines and techniques offered in this book can be applied to other techniques of astrology outside Solar or Lunar Returns. I offer two short sentences of quotes, one from Jim’s above book and the other from a statement by Fagan from ‘Solunar Handbook’. It is my opinion these two quotes offers the purest essence of Fagan’s astrological teachings.
“In the original system of astrology each planet has its own permanent intrinsic influence which is unique to itself, not being shared by any other member of the planetary family.” Cyril Fagan, ‘Solunar Handbook’.
“Partile aspects (1 degree orb or less) reign supreme. It is when angularity (foreground planets within 7.5 degrees of any angle of the scope) and aspect partility coincide that outstanding incidents are most likely to come about.” Jim Eshelman, ‘Interpreting Solar Returns’. This quote pertaining to ‘outstanding incidents’ can be demonstrated with many chart examples on Jim’s Solunar Web Site. Jim Eshelman is a true scholar when it comes to Fagan’s brilliant astrological techniques, including a masterfully understanding of the complex astronomy (now handled by the computer) that computes the Sidereal techniques taught by Fagan.
Is there an ‘outstanding event’ occurring in the WORLD today? Last Sept. 2008 began a financial meltdown that is rocking the WORLD! All mundane astrologers, past and present have agreed upon one common astrological principle: Outer planetary aspects reign supreme pertaining to important cycles in the WORLD!
Where do the current 5 Saturn-Uranus opposition’s fall in the Sidereal Zodiac pertaining to Giza’s c. 10,500 BC Celestial Diagram of a 30 degree Leo Ascendant and a 30 degree Aquarius Descendant, using precessional astronomy in the sidereal zodiac?
Nov 4th 2008: Saturn 24Leo06 partile opposing Uranus 24Aqu06. Foreground the c.10,500 BC Giza Cross!
Feb 5th 2009: Saturn 25Leo47 partile opposing Uranus 25Aqu47. Foreground the c.10,500 BC Giza Cross!
Sept 15th 2009: Saturn 29Leo50 partile opposing Uranus 29Aqu50. ***Partile the c.10,500 BC Giza Cross!***
April 26th 2010: Saturn 3Vi53 partile opposing Uranus 3Pi53. Foreground the c.10,500 BC Giza Cross!
July 26th 2010: Saturn 5Vi31 partile opposing Uranus 5Pi53. Foreground the c.10,500 BC Giza Cross!
Granted, a mundane astrologer does not need this possible c.10,500 BC Giza World Scope, with an angular Ascendant of 30 degree Leo and an angular Descendant of 30 degree Aquarius, to account for the recent global financial meltdown in the world markets. Other mundane astrologers have stated past Saturn-Uranus aspects have been correlated to depress the economy. However, if History ultimately proves the above Saturn-Uranus oppositions marked the beginning of the worst economic statistics the WORLD has ever known, including the Great Depression, then the sidereal astrologer must seriously consider the validity of this possible World Scope at Giza. The exact Saturn-Uranus opposition on Sept.15 2009 is only 10 minutes of arc off from being dead-on the Ascendant-Descendant axis of this possible c.10,500 BC Giza Scope. According to Fagan’s aspect and angular teachings for accurately timed Scopes, the intrinsic planetary nature of this Sept.15 2009 Saturn-Uranus opposition would have to be more powerful than the first two oppositions which have already manifested the time of much financial damage on a global scale. In other words, economic conditions must get much worst by the end of 2009. If this does not happen, then the validity of a possible c.10,500 BC Giza World Scope is doubted!
“The Earth looked at from Heaven, is like a ball with twelve leathern stripes, each of a different color….” Plato
Plato’s above quote leads off Chapter 11 titled ‘Where on Earth: The search for the Earth Zodiac’, from the book ‘Mundane Astrology’, by Michael Baigent, Nicholas Campion, and Charles Harvey. If this possible World Scope at Giza is ever confirmed by a future generation of astrologers then the speculation by several astrologers in Chapter 11 of where on Earth to place the beginning of each 30 degree division of the constellations could be correlated with a true calibration of the Sidereal zodiac. Food for thought.
Appendix V1, ‘Sacred Science’, The Egyptians’ Knowledge of Astronomy:
”Now with regard to mere human matters, the accounts which the Egyptians gave and in which they all agreed, were the following: According to them, the Egyptians were the first to discover the solar year, and portion out its course into twelve parts both the space and time and the seasons which they delimit. It was observation of the course of the stars which led them to adopt this division…It is also the Egyptians who first brought into use the names of the twelve gods, which the Greeks adopted from them.” Herodotos, 0p. cit., H, 4.
Representing the possible c.10,500 BC World Scope at Giza is a Scope with the four angles fixed at 30 degrees Leo, the Ascendant. 30 degrees Aquarius, the Descendant. 30 degrees Scorpio, the IC. And 30 degrees Taurus, the MC. These four constellations represent the fixed signs of the Sidereal Zodiac.
Are their any historical traditions/writings that hint the Fixed Signs of the Sidereal Zodiac, which hold the angles of this possible World Giza Scope, could hold some type of unique importance? Fagan has proven, at least to me and other siderealist, the Sidereal Zodiac was the true Zodiac of the ancient Egyptians. There was certain Priest of the Hebrew Race who had contact with the last Priest representing knowledge from the ancient Egyptian civilization. In the Bible, the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 1 verse 10: “And as for the likeness of their faces, each of the four had the face of a man (Aquarius), and the face of a lion (Leo) on the right side; and each of the four had the face of an ox (Taurus), and the face of an eagle (by some traditions-Scorpio) on the left side.” Here are the four fixed signs/constellations of the Sidereal Zodiac—the same fixed signs that Bauval and his astronomical work correlates with Precessional astronomy, representing ‘Zep Tepi’, the ‘First Time’, with a celestial diagram at the Giza Plateau.
Some statements from John Anthony West, ‘Serpent In The Sky’, The High Wisdom of Ancient Egypt’. ‘The question of secrecy:’
“Beyond a certain level, in every one of the arts and sciences of Egypt, knowledge was secret. The rules, axioms, theorems and formulae—the very stuff of modern science and scholarship—were never made public, and may never have been written down. In every field of Egyptian knowledge, the underlying principles were kept secret, but made manifest in their works. In astronomy, there are no texts, but a marvelously precise calendrical system indicates beyond any possibility of doubt that the Egyptians possessed an advanced astronomy. In geography and geodesy there are no texts, but the work of a number of scholars has shown that the sitting and dimensions of the Great Pyramid, and of tombs and monuments dating back to the First Dynasty, as well as the whole complex system of Egyptian weights and measures, could not have been achieved without precise knowledge of the circumference of the earth, of the flattening of the poles, and many other geographical details. Finally, and most convincingly, there are no texts relating to architectural techniques. Nowhere in Egypt is there a scene showing an architect at work. Nothing indicates the manner in which the prodigious monuments of Egypt were planned, designed or executed. That architectural knowledge existed. There is the architecture to prove it. The technical skill of the Egyptians has always been self evident. And it is clear that all of this knowledge, technical and theoretical, was secret and sacred, and that these secrets were kept.”
Some links of interest:http://robertbauval.co.uk/articles/articles/anchor.htmlhttp://www.grahamhancock.com/forum/WestJA2.phphttp://jawphoenixfire.blogspot.com/ http://www.westernsiderealastrology.com/index.asp